26 October, Kathmandu. With the onset of winter, various skin problems begin to appear. Dry skin can cause cracking, swelling, redness, itching, and roughness.
Associate Professor of the Department of Dermatology and Venereal Diseases of Nepal Medical College (NMC) Dr. Elise Aryal suggests that the skin should always be kept soft in winter. About skin care and safety measures in winter. Excerpt from a conversation with Aryal:
What can be done to prevent skin allergies in cold weather?
People with skin allergies should stay warm in cold weather. Do not wash your hands, mouth and feet frequently with soap and water. It is best not to use soap as much as possible. When using soap, it is better to use mild soap or baby soap with moisturizer.
Immediately after using the soap, you should apply the ointment like cream, moisturizer, oil, lotion on the body part where the soap is used. Apply oil and cream repeatedly on the face, face and feet which are not covered by the cloth. This will prevent the problem of dry skin.
How many people have the problem of itching even when not touched with soap and water?
That’s all there is to it. The upper part of our skin is getting dry. There is a problem of burning and small wounds when exposed to the sun. The main reason is wind and sun. They stay in the sun to escape the winter. When sitting in the sun, the sun and wind make the skin dry. After drying, the skin cracks. It has a problem of itching and burning after sun exposure. So it is important to apply cream and oil to keep the skin soft and smooth.
Which of the various lotions, creams and oils available in the market is more effective?
The main purpose of applying lotions, creams and oils is to soften the skin. The quality of all these materials is good or bad. The use of any item will make a difference in its quality. So it is better to pay attention to the quality than the same thing.
But it is better to use cream than lotion in winter months. The lotion contains only a little more water. As the amount of water in the cream is less, it makes the body soft for a long time. These are the things we buy and use in the market. Apart from that, olive oil, coconut oil, pure mustard oil and milk can also be used in our house. If that doesn’t happen, it’s still a way to get more involved. Put a little salt in the ghee and apply it to make it creamy. After applying so much on the body, you should wear soft clothes.
Cold weather can also be caused by clothing?
Yes. Woolen cloth dries the skin so it hurts when wearing woolen clothes and hats. Most of the clothes available today are made of polyester. It also makes the skin dry. So when wearing such clothes, you should always wear cotton clothes from inside. It is better to wear cotton t-shirt, pajamas and woolen clothes from outside. As much as possible, it is best not to touch the skin directly.
How much attention should be paid to food to prevent dry skin?
You have to pay attention to food. Creams and oils are applied to smooth out the skin from the outside. Food plays an important role in keeping the skin naturally smooth and soft from within. Omega (fish oil) can be eaten as it is insufficient for what we are eating. Fish is good for our health. As it is common to eat only small amount of fish, you can also get vitamin and protein capsules from fish. That too can be eaten. It heals not only the skin but also the bones and joints. Similarly, foods like okhar, alas, katus, almonds make our skin naturally soft. These things can be eaten by those who do not eat fish.
If there is any problem in the skin, based on the experience and suggestions of others, they apply their own cream or take medicine. How right is it to do this?
It is best to go to the nearest dermatologist if possible. Even if you don’t go to the doctor, you know what your skin looks like. Treat your skin according to its nature. Don’t rely on the experience of others. Aloe vera, which we call Ghu Kumari in the local language, is also used by some people and not by others. Therefore, according to the nature of your skin, it is better to use a cold cream, moisturizer that softens the skin. And, avoid the sun as much as possible. You can also apply sunscreen or sun block cream while walking in the sun. Smooth cream should be applied. After drying, it also causes chauripana on the skin. If it is smooth, the sourness will also go away.
Problems with sitting in the sun?
It is best not to sit in the sun as much as possible. This is because the sun dries and softens the fat layer inside the skin. It makes the skin dry. Skin problems are more common. In case of vitamin D deficiency, it is recommended to stay in the sun. Even for that, there is only limited time. Usually when we walk in the sun for some time of the day, it is fulfilled. When drying clothes, the sun on the body while walking on the road may be enough. In case of absence, capsules can also be used. Excessive sun exposure can add to other skin problems.
What are the things to consider when buying cream?
You have to read what is written on the goods you bought. Buy only when you know the date of manufacture, the time of operation, where, and by which company. It is advisable not to buy such materials if they are not written in a language you do not understand.
Is it necessary to apply age-appropriate cream?
It should be applied according to the nature of the skin rather than age. For children, different creams should be applied. Mild cream is available that can be applied.
But sunscreen or sun block should not be applied according to age. Anyone can apply the cream to keep the skin soft. If you have fair skin, you should wear UVA 50 and above. Dark skin